Rosemary Rayfuse is Scientia Professor of International Law at UNSW Sydney. She is a Conjoint Professor in the Faculty of Law at Lund University, Sweden, where she also holds the Swedish Research Council Kerstin Hesselgren Visiting Professorship for 2017-18 and a Visiting Professor in Oceans Law and Governance at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. She holds the degrees of LLB from Queen’s University, LLM from the University of Cambridge, where she was awarded the Clive Parry Prize for International Law, PhD from the University of Utrecht, and a Doctor of Laws honoris causa from Lund University. She is the author or editor of 15 books and more than 300 other scholarly publications on issues relating to oceans governance, high seas fisheries, protection of the marine environment in areas beyond national jurisdiction, the normative effects of climate change on international law, and other areas of international law. She is on the editorial or advisory boards of a number of international law journals, is a member of the IUCN Commission on Environmental Law, and Chair’s Nominee on the International Law Association’s Committee on Sea Level Rise and International Law.
Out of Sight, Out of Mind: The Challenge of Regulating High Seas Fisheries
Fish are a quintessential common resource. As a biologically renewable common resource it is axiomatic that the supply of fish is potentially unlimited. However, to achieve this potential and to avoid the ‘tragedy of the commons’, appropriate management of exploitation of the resource is necessary. Within the 200 nautical mile exclusive economic zone the coastal state is responsible for the conservation and management of fish stocks. On the high seas beyond, the task falls to regional fisheries management organisations (RFMOs). These organisation are, however, subject to a number of structural limitations that affect their ability to implement effective conservation and management measures. Climate change induced changes in species composition, abundance and distribution will only compound the problem. This presentation will explore the structural, institutional and biological challenges faced by RFMOs in regulating high seas fisheries.